Basic Guide To Dog Food


Typically every dog needs exercise, playtime, cuddling and a good family to take care of them and good food to eat. But not all dogs require the same nutritional values while puppies require nutrition to grow healthy and where on the other hand senior dogs need more fiber and fewer calories as compared to a younger pup. But not only a dog’s lifespan decides what and how much they should eat. Different breed and different sized dogs have different needs different nutritional values to live a happy and healthy life.

Food for large breed Dogs:

To make your four footers live a happy, healthy, fit and long life you need to make a wise decision while picking dog food. Large breed puppies grow faster than smaller puppies. A puppy that is born with 1 pound weight can reach up to 150 pounds within 2 years of his life. Therefore, You need to pay attention towards their diet and meal plan to provide them with proper nutrition to grow but not more than required because that may cause them health issues like obesity and orthopedic diseases. Therefore, you must choose a food formula that is specially designed for large breed puppies. Usually, the dog for large breed dogs is low in fat; phosphorous, calcium and vitamin D. Break your puppy’s meal into 4-5 small meals and keep an eye on his weight. Orijen Puppy Grain-Free dog food, Wellness Large Breed Complete Health Puppy Deboned Chicken, Brown rice and salmon recipe Dry Dog Food and Blue Buffalo Wilderness Large Breed Puppy Chicken Recipe Grain-Free Dry Dog Food are few dog foods for large breeds.

Food for Small Dogs:

Small dogs too, have different food requirements. They need higher calories per pound as compare to large breed dogs because small dogs have a higher metabolic rate. Your small dog requires protein to build lean muscles mass to avoid obesity and fat to provide your dog with the energy to fuel its fast metabolism. In addition to this, they require vitamin, minerals, and antioxidants to protect them from radical diseases as they have a long life up to 20 years. You can let your small breed dog eat as much as they can or just feed them 3 times a day with full portion meal to fuel up themselves with energy. Well, one more thing that you must consider while purchasing dog food for the small breed is that they get allergic to food easily. So, if your dog suffers from recurrent ear infections or digestive problem may be he is allergic to his dog food. In such situation visit your vet or just chose food with novel protein and carbohydrates to minimize the risk of catching allergy. Many brands offer specific food recipes for small breed dogs, Instinct by Nature’s Variety Raw Boost with Real Duck Dry Dog Food, Merrick Classic Grain-Free Cowboy Cookout Recipe, Petcurean Go! Sensitivity + Shine Limited Ingredient Diet Duck Recipe and Holistic Select Small & Mini Breed Puppy Health Anchovy, Sardine & Chicken Meals Recipe are few small dog food suggestions for 2018.

Food For picky Dogs:

Not every dog owner knows the pain of carrying a picky eater. Most dogs devour anything you put in front of them while there are others like picky children who do not want to eat veggies. No matter how fascinating the way you offer them food they always say no to it. The pickiness can be temporary, it may solve on its own but if it does not get in the loop with your vet. While on the other hand your dog may have started not liking his current food. However, the food preferences of dogs are completely subjective but Purina’s Pro Plan dog food works best for picky dogs. No matter how much we think our dog is an omnivore but the truth is that their ancestors and all family depended on a meat-based food diet. Pro plan savor contains shredded beef and rice which seeks to tempt the palates of finicky four-footers. In addition to this, the formula also contains prebiotic fibers, optimal protein to fat ratio, and omega fatty acids to keep your dog healthy, fit, and its coat looking at its best.

A balanced diet is essential for the maintenance of good health

A diet should be nutritionally balanced; it is well documented that many animals offered a selection of unbalanced foods do not select a balanced diet and become obese through selection of high-energy foods. It is therefore our responsibility to make sure our animals are fed a balanced diet.

Moderate restriction of calorie and protein intakes has been shown to

  • increase longevity
  • decrease obesity
  • decrease cancer rates

This can be achieved by:

  • Feeding less by controlling the ratio amount (one cup instead of two)
  • Feeding less with a smaller frequency of feeding (once a day instead of three times)
  • Feeding the same ratio at the same frequency but feeding less protein (diet food)

Varying nutritionally balanced diets and providing “treats,” including fresh vegetables, can be appropriate and improve well-being. However abrupt changes in diet (which are difficult to avoid at weaning) should be minimized because they can lead to digestive and metabolic disturbances; these changes occur in omnivores and carnivores, but herbivores are especially sensitive.

In trying to provide a balanced diet, caution should be used in varying diets too much not to upset the digestive system and causing illness.

The function of carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals in the animal body

Are there any health benefits to be obtained from a good well-balanced diet?

  • Healthy skin and coat
  • Fresh breath
  • Healthier teeth
  • Optimum weight maintenance
  • Firm stool with minimum odour
  • Less chance of anal gland complaints
  • Not too much or too little energy
  • Less chance of heart disease
  • Less chance of hip and knee problems
  • Longer life expectancy for your pet

Funcionts:

  • Carbohydrates – supply energy
  • Protein – helps with the growth and repair of body tissue
  • Fat – acts as an emergency backup for energy supply
  • Vitamins – aids in building resistance to infections
  • Minerals – required for growth, maintenance, reproduction, and lactation

Identifying a range of suitable foods, food additives and ingredients fed to companion species

We mostly make use of “shelve food” bought from the store as well as treats which include anything from raw veg and chews to scraps from the table.

  • Biologically Appropriate Raw Food or BARF

In an ideal world where we have lots of time, the very best thing you can feed your dog is raw food.  This would include a varied supply of plain white rice, pasta, vegetables, chicken, mince, fish, bones and fruit.

  • Royal Canin

Unfortunately we do not all have the time to follow a BARF feeding plan so the next best thing is dry food.  Most advertised and most used is the Royal Canin.  I find it a great convenience food and most of my customers use this. There are a few whose tummies do not agree with this brand.

  • Beta

If Royal Canin is a bit pricey, or your pet does not agree with Royal Canin, Beta has a great range of foods.

Beta Sensitive l find especially good, or the Beta Puppy for pups that cannot stomach RC.

  • Supermarket kibbles

Please compare the ingredients of your supermarket foods to RC and Beta before you buy.

Most have fillers and additives in equal to feeding your child greasy take away food every day.  It is better to feed these than NOT feeding your dog at all, but you will see the difference in their coat, skin and teeth.

Your dog will not live to be a healthy senior with a ripe age when kept on a poor diet.

The correct storage method for foods

  • Areas in which diets and diet ingredients are processed or stored should be kept clean and enclosed to prevent entry of pests.
  • Food should be stored off the floor on pallets, racks, shelves or carts.
  • Unused, opened bags of food should be stored in vermin-proof containers to minimize contamination and to avoid potential spread of diseases.
  • Exposure to temperatures above 21ºC , extremes in relative humidity, unsanitary conditions, light, oxygen, and insects and other vermin hasten the deterioration of food.
  • Precautions should be taken if perishable items—such as meats, fruits, and vegetables—are fed, because storage conditions are potential sources of contamination.

How the energy provided by protein and fat in food can be calculated

Food energy is energy that animals (including human beings) derive from their food, through the process of cellular respiration, the process of joining oxygen with the molecules of food (aerobic respiration) or of reorganizing the atoms within the molecules for anaerobic respiration.

Animals need a minimum intake of food energy in order to sustain their metabolism and drive their muscles.

The average active 35 pound dog needs about a thousand calories a day. 20 pound active dog needs about 650 calories. On average, a cup of dry food has between 325 and 600 calories per cup.

On average two to three cups of food per day for the average dog is sufficient.

But since each dog has its own unique energy needs, it’s impossible to accurately predict the exact serving size that’s right for YOUR pet.

Recent Posts