Basic Guide To Dog Food


Every dog, as a general rule, has basic requirements that must be met, including the need for regular physical activity and mental stimulation, as well as the requirement for companionship and the provision of nutritious food. But not all dogs have the same dietary needs. Puppies, for example, need proper nutrition in order to develop into healthy adults, but senior dogs have different nutritional requirements, including a higher fibre intake and a lower calorie count than younger dogs.

However, the length of a dog’s life is not the only factor that determines what and how much they need to consume. When it comes to living a long, happy, and healthy life, various sizes and types of dogs have varying requirements in terms of their nutritional requirements.

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As a dog owner, you are responsible for your pet. That means it’s up to you to provide shelter, food, and comfort. When it comes to food, many people simply buy a bag of whatever dog food is cheapest at the grocery store and consider it taken care of.

But many average bags of dog food have ingredients like meat by-products, preservatives, chemicals, and grains like corn and wheat. You need to make sure your dog is getting the best treatment. You wouldn’t want to eat meat by-products so why should you make your dog? When purchasing dog food for your new pet, make sure you avoid these ingredients listed on any commercial dog food.

  • Animal Fat

Animal fat is a generic term used by manufacturers to cover any generic animal products that they have included in the food. In the past, some manufacturers even used rendered dog and cat products in their food. While this is no longer a practice, it’s important to remember that the term “animal fat” could mean anything.

  • Grains

Grains like corn, wheat, and soy may be nutritious for humans in moderation, but your animals shouldn’t be eating them. Many dogs are allergic to these grain products and they can cause problems like skin irritations or diarrhea. Grain products like barley, oatmeal, and brown rice are ok.

  • By-products

Meat by-products include all of the parts of an animal that a human won’t eat. Things like the head, feet, lungs, intestines, spleens, livers, etc. These products are ground up and included in many pet food products. If you won’t eat them, why should you take your dog?

Food For Large Breed Dogs:

To make your four-footers live a happy, healthy, fit and long life you need to make a wise decision while picking dog food. Large breed puppies grow faster than smaller puppies. A puppy that is born with 1 pound weight can reach up to 150 pounds within 2 years of his life.

Therefore, You need to pay attention to their diet and meal plan to provide them with proper nutrition to grow but not more than required because that may cause them health issues like obesity and orthopedic diseases. Therefore, you must choose a food formula that is specially designed for large breed puppies.

Usually, the dog for large breed dogs is low in fat; phosphorous, calcium and vitamin D. Break your puppy’s meal into 4-5 small meals and keep an eye on his weight. Orijen Puppy Grain-Free dog food, Wellness Large Breed Complete Health Puppy Deboned Chicken, Brown rice and salmon recipe Dry Dog Food and Blue Buffalo Wilderness Large Breed Puppy Chicken Recipe Grain-Free Dry Dog Food are few dog foods for large breeds.

Food For Small Dogs:

Small dogs have different food requirements. They need higher calories per pound as compared to large breed dogs because small dogs have a higher metabolic rate. Your small dog requires protein to build lean muscles mass to avoid obesity and fat to provide your dog with the energy to fuel its fast metabolism.

In addition to this, they require vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to protect them from radical diseases as they have a long life of up to 20 years. You can let your small breed dog eat as much as they can or just feed them 3 times a day with a full portion meal to fuel up themselves with energy.

Well, one more thing that you must consider while purchasing dog food for the small breed is that they get allergic to food easily. So, if your dog suffers from recurrent ear infections or digestive problems maybe he is allergic to his dog food. In such a situation visit your vet or just chose food with novel protein and carbohydrates to minimize the risk of catching an allergy.

Many brands offer specific food recipes for small breed dogs, Instinct by Nature’s Variety Raw Boost with Real Duck Dry Dog Food, Merrick Classic Grain-Free Cowboy Cookout Recipe, Petcurean Go! Sensitivity + Shine Limited Ingredient Diet Duck Recipe and Holistic Select Small & Mini Breed Puppy Health Anchovy, Sardine & Chicken Meals Recipe are a few small dog food suggestions.

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Food For Picky Dogs:

Not every dog owner knows the pain of carrying a picky eater. Most dogs devour anything you put in front of them while there are others like picky children who do not want to eat veggies. No matter how fascinating the way you offer them food they always say no to it.

The pickiness can be temporary, it may solve on its own but if it does not get in the loop with your vet. While on the other hand your dog may have started not liking his current food. However, the food preferences of dogs are completely subjective but Purina’s Pro Plan dog food works best for picky dogs.

No matter how much we think our dog is an omnivore the truth is that their ancestors and all family depended on a meat-based food diet. Pro plan savor contains shredded beef and rice which seeks to tempt the palates of finicky four-footers. In addition to this, the formula also contains prebiotic fibers, optimal protein to fat ratio, and omega fatty acids to keep your dog healthy, and fit, and its coat looking at its best.

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A Balanced Diet Is Essential For The Maintenance Of Good Health

A diet should be nutritionally balanced; it is well documented that many animals offered a selection of unbalanced foods do not select a balanced diet and become obese through a selection of high-energy foods. It is, therefore, our responsibility to make sure our animals are fed a balanced diet.

Moderate restriction of calorie and protein intakes has been shown to

  • increase longevity
  • decrease obesity
  • decrease cancer rates

This can be achieved by:

  • Feeding less by controlling the ratio amount (one cup instead of two)
  • Feeding less with a smaller frequency of feeding (once a day instead of three times)
  • Feeding the same ratio at the same frequency but feeding less protein (diet food)

Varying nutritionally balanced diets and providing “treats,” including fresh vegetables, can be appropriate and improve well-being. However abrupt changes in diet (which are difficult to avoid at weaning) should be minimized because they can lead to digestive and metabolic disturbances; these changes occur in omnivores and carnivores, but herbivores are especially sensitive.

In trying to provide a balanced diet, caution should be used in varying diets too much so as not to upset the digestive system and cause illness.

Are there any health benefits to be obtained from a good well-balanced diet?

  • Healthy skin and coat
  • Fresh breath
  • Healthier teeth
  • Optimum weight maintenance
  • Firm stool with minimum odor
  • Less chance of anal gland complaints
  • Not too much or too little energy
  • Less chance of heart disease
  • Less chance of hip and knee problems
  • Longer life expectancy for your pet

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Functions:

  • Carbohydrates – supply energy
  • Protein – helps with the growth and repair of body tissue
  • Fat – acts as an emergency backup for energy supply
  • Vitamins – aids in building resistance to infections
  • Minerals – required for growth, maintenance, reproduction, and lactation

Identifying A Range Of Suitable Foods, Food Additives, And Ingredients Fed To Companion Species

We mostly make use of “shelve food” bought from the store as well as treats which include anything from raw veg and chews to scraps from the table.

  • Biologically Appropriate Raw Food or BARF

In an ideal world where we have lots of time, the very best thing you can feed your dog is raw food.  This would include a varied supply of plain white rice, pasta, vegetables, chicken, mince, fish, bones and fruit.

  • Royal Canin

Unfortunately, we do not all have the time to follow a BARF feeding plan so the next best thing is dry food.  The most advertised and most used is the Royal Canin.  I find it a great convenience food and most of my customers use this. There are a few whose tummies do not agree with this brand.

  • Beta

If Royal Canin is a bit pricey, or your pet does not agree with Royal Canin, Beta has a great range of foods.

Beta Sensitive l find especially good, or the Beta Puppy for pups that cannot stomach RC.

  • Supermarket kibbles

Please compare the ingredients of your supermarket foods to RC and Beta before you buy.

Most have fillers and additives equal to feeding your child greasy takeaway food every day.  It is better to feed these than NOT feeding your dog at all, but you will see the difference in their coat, skin, and teeth.

Your dog will not live to be a healthy senior at a ripe age when kept on a poor diet.

The Correct Storage Method For Foods

  • Areas in which diets and diet ingredients are processed or stored should be kept clean and enclosed to prevent the entry of pests.
  • Food should be stored off the floor on pallets, racks, shelves, or carts.
  • Unused, opened bags of food should be stored in vermin-proof containers to minimize contamination and avoid the potential spread of diseases.
  • Exposure to temperatures above 21ºC, extremes in relative humidity, unsanitary conditions, light, oxygen, insects, and other vermin hasten the deterioration of food.
  • Precautions should be taken if perishable items—such as meats, fruits, and vegetables—are fed because storage conditions are potential sources of contamination.

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How The Energy Provided By Protein And Fat In Food Can Be Calculated

Food energy is energy that animals (including human beings) derive from their food, through the process of cellular respiration, the process of joining oxygen with the molecules of food (aerobic respiration), or of reorganizing the atoms within the molecules for anaerobic respiration.

Animals need a minimum intake of food energy in order to sustain their metabolism and drive their muscles.

The average active 35-pound dog needs about a thousand calories a day. The 20-pound active dog needs about 650 calories. On average, a cup of dry food has between 325 and 600 calories per cup.

On average two to three cups of food per day for the average dog is sufficient.

But since each dog has its own unique energy needs, it’s impossible to accurately predict the exact serving size that’s right for YOUR pet.

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