Dogs And Cats With Allergies: Detailed Diagnostic Methods Explained

Dogs and cats, just like people, are susceptible to a wide variety of allergies, including food allergies, contact allergies, atopic dermatitis brought on by allergens in the environment, and allergic dermatitis brought on by flea bites.

As soon as possible, a diagnosis has to be made in order to treat the skin issues and other diseases that these allergies create. This should happen as soon as the first symptoms manifest themselves. The master and the people in his entourage must all play an active role in the healing process for it to be successful every time. As a speedy treatment option, you might give the dog an anti-itch medication.

Significance Of Allergy

If veterinary medicine knows well, now, this kind of pathology and has many solutions to treat it, the essential thing is to consult the veterinarian without waiting, for the first disorders.

– A food allergy can, besides the cutaneous symptoms, cause digestive disorders (vomiting or diarrhea)

– A parasitic allergy, a contact allergy or atopic dermatitis (dermatitis related to the environment) can be a source of skin problems more or less severe.

Mechanism Of Complex Defense Reaction

The mechanism of reaction to an allergy is very complex.

Generally, an allergy will cause a reaction of the body’s defense system. The immune system will “respond” to fight against the  agents (allergens) but exacerbated.

Treatments Of Allergy

The symptoms that can be observed during allergy are not specific. Only the veterinarian will be able to establish an accurate diagnosis.

If your companion is suffering from allergic disorders, the veterinarian will first look for the cause of the disorder: he will try to differentiate between a food-related allergy, contact dermatitis, parasitic allergy or aeroallergens.

He has several examination techniques for it.

After launching the necessary investigations and examinations, he / she will be able to cure the symptoms by means of an appropriate treatment (steroids, antibiotics, antihistamines, desensitization, immunoregulators) and local treatments: shampoos, lotions, sprays.

Symptoms Of Food Allergy

It can affect young animals, from the age of six months, just like adults.

Generally, the initial symptom is pruritus (itchy).

Many allergens (troph allergens) may be responsible.

It can be a food but also a simple food component (a single protein, for example), hence the difficulty in identifying it.
Meat, eggs, fish, cereals, preservatives, dyes or emulsifiers:  a single allergen is often enough to trigger the allergy.

It is this “responsible” component that must be found in order to eliminate it from your pet’s diet. The search for this intruder is done by elimination.

Regime Of Eviction

For this, it is necessary to put in place a diet called “regime of eviction” in which one proceeds in stages: One begins by feeding the animal with a food which it has never eaten. The goal is to achieve a gradual disappearance of the disorders.

As food is reintroduced, the re-emergence of the disorders will make it possible to precisely determine the food or foods that are not suitable for dogs or cats. It can take some time.

The master will have to show patience and a lot of involvement. The success of this test and the healing of the animal depend on it.

Importance Of Rests

Your pet would definitely need more rests due to the allergy, or during the treatment. A nice, comfortable and colourful pet bed may make your beloved pet feel better. There are also some bed donuts that can reduce anxiety of your pets out there which you may want to try out.

Importance Of Vet’s Advice

It is very important to be sure to follow the veterinarian’s advice and to ensure that the whole family and friends do not come to disturb the diet. All “sides”, among which candies, will absolutely have to be eliminated so that the eviction regime put in place is not distorted.

An allergic animal for the rest all his life, it will be necessary to be vigilant. There are now ranges of specialty kibbles (hypoallergenic) available from your veterinarian and may be prescribed by you.

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