Just like humans, dogs and cats can suffer from various allergies: food allergy, contact allergy, atopic dermatitis caused by environmental allergens, or allergic dermatitis by flea bite.
The skin problems and other pathologies that these allergies cause must be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible, as soon as the first symptoms appear. The healing happens every time by a good involvement on the part of the master and … of his entourage. You can use anti-itch medicine for dogs as a quick treatment.
Importance of Allergy
If veterinary medicine knows well, now, this kind of pathology and has many solutions to treat it, the essential thing is to consult the veterinarian without waiting, from the first disorders.
– A food allergy can, besides the cutaneous symptoms, cause digestive disorders (vomiting or diarrhea)
– A parasitic allergy, a contact allergy or atopic dermatitis (dermatitis related to the environment) can be a source of skin problems more or less severe.
A complex defense mechanism
The mechanism of reaction to an allergy is very complex.
Generally, an allergy will cause a reaction of the body’s defense system. The immune system will “respond” to fight against the agents (allergens) but exacerbated.
Diagnostic methods and treatments
The symptoms that can be observed during allergy are not specific. Only the veterinarian will be able to establish an accurate diagnosis.
If your companion is suffering from allergic disorders, the veterinarian will first look for the cause of the disorder: he will try to differentiate between a food-related allergy, contact dermatitis, parasitic allergy or aeroallergens.
He has several examination techniques for it.
After launching the necessary investigations and examinations, he / she will be able to cure the symptoms by means of an appropriate treatment (steroids, antibiotics, antihistamines, desensitization, immunoregulators) and local treatments: shampoos, lotions, sprays.
It can affect young animals, from the age of six months, just like adults.
Generally, the initial symptom is pruritus (itchy).
Many allergens (troph allergens) may be responsible.
It can be a food but also a simple food component (a single protein, for example), hence the difficulty in identifying it.
Meat, eggs, fish, cereals, preservatives, dyes or emulsifiers: a single allergen is often enough to trigger the allergy.
It is this “responsible” component that must be found in order to eliminate it from your pet’s diet. The search for this intruder is done by elimination.
For this, it is necessary to put in place a diet called “regime of eviction” in which one proceeds in stages: One begins by feeding the animal with a food which it has never eaten. The goal is to achieve a gradual disappearance of the disorders.
As food is reintroduced, the re-emergence of the disorders will make it possible to precisely determine the food or foods that are not suitable for dogs or cats. It can take some time.
The master will have to show patience and a lot of involvement. The success of this test and the healing of the animal depend on it.
It is very important to be sure to follow the veterinarian’s advice and to ensure that the whole family and friends do not come to disturb the diet. All “sides”, among which candies, will absolutely have to be eliminated so that the eviction regime put in place is not distorted.
An allergic animal for the rest all his life, it will be necessary to be vigilant. There are now ranges of specialty kibbles (hypoallergenic) available from your veterinarian and may be prescribed by you.